Clinical Autonomic Research published August 2013 (Volume 23, Issue 4, pp 201-207) addressed ‘Autonomic changes in young smokers: acute effects of inspiratory exercise’.
Rodrigues F, Araujo AA, Mostarda CT et al
Human Movement Laboratory, São Judas Tadeu University, Av. Taquari, 546, São Paulo, SP, 03166-000, Brazil.

One major consequence of smoking is the development of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) i.e. all the diseases of the heart and circulation, including coronary heart disease, stroke, peripheral arterial disease and aortic disease. Smoking is one of the risk factors as the toxins in tobacco can damage and narrow the coronary arteries, making the smoker more vulnerable to coronary heart disease.

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